Social Innovations Journal 2022-01-18T08:58:34-08:00 Nicholas Torres Open Journal Systems <p>Social Innovations Journal (SIJ) is dedicated to social innovators and entrepreneurs who work at the cross section between the private sector, government, and not-for-profits and aligns them toward collective social impact goals and public policy. SIJ chronicles social innovations and enterprises addressing the world’s most challenging issues surrounding social policy, leadership, human capital, and systems. In collaboration with government, philanthropy, not-for-profits and universities, the Journal bridges formal research and real-life experience.</p> <p><strong>Social Innovations Journal (SIJ) provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater exchange of knowledge.</strong></p> <p><strong>This journal is open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to users or / institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to full text articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or author as long as acknowledge the original author as stated in the Creative Commons License. </strong></p> <p><strong><a href="">Please Visit THE SOCIAL INNOVATIONS JOURNAL ARCHIVES (EDITIONS 1 - 55) HERE</a></strong></p> <p><a href=""><strong>BECOME A MEMBER OF THE SOCIAL INNOVATIONS JOURNAL for ACCESS to SYMPOSIUMS, WORKSHOPS, and COURSES</strong></a></p> <p>The mission of the Social Innovations Journal is to promote innovative ideas informed by data and research, incubate social innovation and thought leadership, and to spark a culture of innovation leading to improved social sector products and services, systems and policies. SIJ is creating a new standard for social innovations and enterprise publications by including the “why” behind their innovation, their bottom line impact (social and financial), and the system and policy implications.</p> <p>The Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) defines social innovation as a mechanism that “can concern conceptual, process or product change, organizational change and changes in financing, and can deal with new relationships with stakeholders and territories.” The OECD’s Forum on Social Innovation identifies the core components of social innovation as: </p> <ul> <li class="show">“identifying and delivering new services that improve the quality of life of individuals and communities; and </li> <li class="show">“identifying and implementing new labour market integration processes, new competencies, new jobs, and new forms of participation, as diverse elements that each contribute to improving the position of individuals in the workforce.” </li> </ul> <p>In the words of the OECD, <strong>“Social innovation is distinct from economic innovation because it is not about introducing new types of production or exploiting new markets in itself but is about satisfying new needs not provided by the market (even if markets intervene later) or creating new, more satisfactory ways of insertion in terms of giving people a place and a role in production.</strong></p> <p>“The key distinction is that social innovation deals with improving the welfare of individuals and community through employment, consumption or participation, its expressed purpose being therefore to provide solutions for individual and community problems.”</p> <p><strong>Open Access, Licensing, and Copyright</strong> </p> <p>The Social Innovations Journal is loyal open access for academic work, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and to use them for any other lawful purpose. All the articles published in this journal are free to access immediately from the date of publication. We do not charge any fees for any reader to download articles for their own scholarly use.</p> <div id="deed-conditions" class="row"> <h3><strong>The Social Innovations Journal permits the Creative Commons License:</strong></h3> <h2><span class="cc-license-title">Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported</span> <span class="cc-license-identifier">(CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)</span></h2> <h3>Under the following terms:</h3> <ul class="license-properties col-md-offset-2 col-md-8" dir="ltr"> <li class="license by"> <p><strong>Attribution</strong> — You must give <a id="appropriate_credit_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">appropriate credit</a>, provide a link to the license, and <a id="indicate_changes_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">indicate if changes were made</a>. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.<span id="by-more-container"></span></p> </li> <li class="license nc"> <p><strong>NonCommercial</strong> — You may not use the material for <a id="commercial_purposes_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">commercial purposes</a>.<span id="nc-more-container"></span></p> </li> <li class="license nd"> <p><strong>NoDerivatives</strong> — If you <a id="some_kinds_of_mods_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">remix, transform, or build upon</a> the material, you may not distribute the modified material.<span id="nd-more-container"></span></p> </li> </ul> </div> <div class="row"> <ul id="deed-conditions-no-icons" class="col-md-offset-2 col-md-8"> <li class="license"><strong>No additional restrictions</strong> — You may not apply legal terms or <a id="technological_measures_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">technological measures</a> that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.</li> </ul> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-md-offset-1 col-md-10"><hr /></div> </div> <div id="deed-understanding" class="row"> <h3>Notices:</h3> <ul class="understanding license-properties col-md-offset-2 col-md-8"> <li class="license">You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable <a id="exception_or_limitation_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">exception or limitation</a>.</li> <li class="license">No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as <a id="publicity_privacy_or_moral_rights_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">publicity, privacy, or moral rights</a> may limit how you use the material</li> </ul> <h3><strong>Copyright and Publishing Rights </strong></h3> <p>For the licenses indicated above, authors retain the copyright and full publishing rights without restrictions.</p> </div> <p> </p> Everyone a Changemaker: A Strategic Lens 2021-12-16T05:10:21-08:00 Diana Wells Anamaria Schindler <p>This article frames and offers an overview of the journal issue which includes a series of articles based on data from 817 social entrepreneurs who are part of Ashoka’s Fellow network from across the globe. The sequence of articles in this publication builds a narrative thread of how social entrepreneurs have managed to achieve systemic changes at local, national, and international levels. The articles look at a range of issues and trends surfaced in the data including gender factors, how diversity matters, young peoples’ influences, policy change, and new roles for corporations and technology in social change. Other articles report new practices, new merging insights, and new research helping social entrepreneurs maximize impact. What is common across all the articles is how fellows are realizing systems change and mindset change by enabling many more changemakers and thus helping to enable an “Everyone a Changemaker” world.</p> 2022-01-18T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Diana Wells, Anamaria Schindler Ashoka’s Selection Process and Financial Stipend Create Value Across the Globe 2021-12-13T05:06:58-08:00 Alessandro Valera Michael Zakaras <p>For 40 years now, Ashoka has selected, connected, and supported leading social entrepreneurs around the world. The community of Ashoka Fellows is nearly 4,000 strong—each of whom is chosen through a rigorous selection process. The vast majority of them receive a three-year financial stipend.</p> <p>As part of Ashoka’s 2021 Global Fellows Study, we wanted to know: what was the selection process experience for our Fellows? Was the financial stipend still helpful? More specifically, was it coming at an especially timely moment, for example, enabling early-stage social entrepreneurs to focus full-time on the development of their ideas? And finally, how did the answers to these questions vary by demographic factors such as geographical location, gender, etc.? Lastly, what lessons should we draw from these variations?</p> <p>Our survey of 817 Fellows across 81 countries (over 26% of the total population of Ashoka Fellows), together with 32 in-depth interviews, produced a rich data set that underpins our findings. Notably, we learned that a significant majority (91% of respondents) found the selection process valuable in articulating and strengthening their core ideas. We further learned that Ashoka’s stipend continues to be catalytic: even in a more mature global social entrepreneurship field compared to when Ashoka started, nearly half of our respondents (47%) told us that the Ashoka stipend was the first significant source of funding for their ideas. </p> <p> </p> 2022-01-18T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Alessandro Valera, Michael Zakaras The Future of Social Entrepreneurship Support 2021-12-13T05:11:09-08:00 Georg Schön <p>Based on the results of the 2021 Ashoka Global Fellows Survey, this article discusses the big shifts that Ashoka sees in the field of social entrepreneurship. Further, it highlights the importance of system change, changemaking leadership, and well-being for supporting social entrepreneurs. The analysis shows that accessing network assets is key for scaling systems change and reflects on developing collective action as the next frontier in social entrepreneurship. The article gives insights into Ashoka’s Global Fellowship program, highlights practical examples, and points to further information and resources.</p> 2022-01-18T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Georg Schön Scaling to system change: how social entrepreneurs affect public policy 2021-12-13T05:16:43-08:00 Laura Batalla Adam <div> <p><span lang="EN-US">Although social entrepreneurs have been helping the improvement of policies for decades now, their role and contribution are still largely undocumented in research and not recognized by the policy community and wider public. This leads to social entrepreneurs still being unknown and rarely invited to the policy conversation table. Simultaneously, it deprives the policy process of deeper insights about the problem essence and evidence, a profound understanding of the needs of the affected communities, and ways of addressing the problem that have been refined and tested by the social entrepreneurs and their teams in order to reduce the risks of implementation. It represents a missed opportunity for addressing social issues collaboratively in a faster, more efficient, and effective manner. </span></p> </div> <div> <p><span lang="EN-US">This article aims to share examples of how social entrepreneurs have managed to achieve systemic improvements through policy changes at local, national, and international levels. The article also posits that larger ecosystem measures are needed to enable the effective harvesting and use of social entrepreneurs’ experience for system change. This includes building bridges between policymakers and social entrepreneurs and transforming the way in which policy is designed and implemented. </span></p> </div> 2022-01-18T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Laura Batalla Adam The Resilience of Ashoka Fellows During the COVID-19 Pandemic 2021-12-13T04:58:06-08:00 Alexandra Ioan Veronica Chiodo <p>COVID-19’s effect on the work of social entrepreneurs is still unfolding. Current research has observed how social enterprises were involved in immediate responses to the crisis and were affected operationally. Many questions remain regarding the role of social entrepreneurs in generating change in a post-pandemic world.</p> <p>This research article investigates how several dimensions attached to Ashoka's ‘Everyone a Changemaker’ vision played a role in the resilience of Ashoka Fellows during the pandemic. We found that the replication of their solutions and high partnership and collaboration levels positively impacted the intention of innovation Ashoka Fellows have moving forward. Partnerships also mitigated the negative impact of the pandemic on Fellows' operations and their capacity to continue their activities. On the other hand, the focus on mindset shift as the main impact goal also meant a higher chance of reduction in funding for social entrepreneurs during the pandemic. </p> <p> </p> <p>These results emphasize the importance of strong connections and partnerships with other stakeholders for the motivation and opportunity to continue developing new ideas for social change. Whether as replication partners, peer social entrepreneurs, or partners in other roles, we must continue supporting the exchange between social entrepreneurs and a variety of stakeholders. Large numbers of partners can offer stability and provide security for social entrepreneurs in times of crisis. More importantly, however, the support ecosystem for social entrepreneurs – especially funders – needs to be made more aware of the different levels of impact social entrepreneurs aim to achieve in order to be more supportive of them in complex contexts. Although direct service responses are immensely valuable, the mindset shift work done by social entrepreneurs contributes to deeper change in the long term and needs to be supported accordingly.</p> <p>This research article contributes to our evolving understanding of how social entrepreneurs navigate the COVID-19 pandemic. As the situation evolves, we will be able to identify more elements that contribute to their resilience, factors that foster their creativity, and drive to continue addressing social issues effectively.</p> 2022-01-18T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Alexandra Ioan, Veronica Chiodo Young Changemaking as the New Norm in Growing Up: The Role of Adult Allies 2021-12-13T05:26:52-08:00 Claire Fallender Reilly Brooks <p>This article looks at data from Ashoka’s 2021 Global Fellow Study where Ashoka asked its network of social entrepreneurs what factors enhanced or detracted from their ability to start their changemaker journey at a young age. We look at who, whether parents, teachers, peers, or others, was most influential to those who began their changemaker journey as teenagers and those who started later in life. We notice that there are significant geographic differences in the influence of different adult groups in the lives of social entrepreneurs. However, all over, parents and family members, educators, and other social entrepreneurs play an important inspirational role. Our aim is to use these insights to understand and uplift the ways that our society can embrace and support young changemaking as a critical part of growing up. </p> 2022-01-18T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Claire Fallender, Reilly Brooks Diversity Accelerates our “Everyone a Changemaker” Future 2021-12-20T00:23:38-08:00 Kenny Clewett Bunmi Otegbade Lorena Garcia Duran <p>This paper examines what the 2021 Global Fellows Survey tells us about diversity from the lens of Fellows who self-identify as part of one or more minority groups. We find that the opportunity to connect with social entrepreneurs from diverse fields, geographies, and backgrounds within Ashoka’s Fellowship has offered a space to further innovate and to build community across a common commitment for change for the good of all. Also, social entrepreneurs that self-identify with minorities contribute to enhancing the scope and quality of the network by representing communities they are proximate leaders in, as well as by contributing key assets, and in their ability to build relationships. Intentionally seeking and fostering diversity, equity, and inclusion is an on-going process key to ensure these positive relationships, interactions and skill sharing happens and accelerates effective change processes.</p> 2022-01-18T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Kenny Clewett , Bunmi Otegbade, Lorena Garcia Duran The Social Entrepreneurship Field & Gender Issues: A High Potential Intersection for Change 2021-12-13T05:33:23-08:00 Zeynep Meydanoglu Ertan <p>The social entrepreneurship field appears to be doing much better in terms of women’s representation and leadership in comparison to other fields and sectors. Yet, despite this success, female social entrepreneurs continue to operate in an unfavorable, male-dominant environment which significantly disadvantages women. In this article, we leverage the compelling results of Ashoka’s Global Fellows Studies from 2018 and 2021, as well as a series of in-depth interviews conducted by Ashoka’s Next Now Gender Equity team to go more into detail on the barriers female social entrepreneurs face. We argue that systematically attending to these barriers has the potential to elevate the social entrepreneurship field to the next level in terms of how it defines impact, leadership, system change, and ultimately, success. This is more urgent than ever in today’s pandemic-stricken world. </p> 2022-01-18T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Zeynep Meydanoglu Ertan Technology for Good: The Role of Technology in an “Everyone a Changemaker” World 2021-12-13T05:48:06-08:00 Mario Calderini Konstanze Frischen Ambra Giuliano <p>The relationship between technology-based social innovation and social impact scaling has gained increasing attention in recent years. It has been recognized that technology has an intrinsic disseminative nature and can allow for reaching larger audiences more efficiently, and thus more beneficiaries. Therefore, the emphasis of research has primarily been on the replicability of social innovation and on an operational type of scalability. However, literature has fallen short of offering a comparable assessment of the relationship that instead may exist between technology and the achievement of system change, arguably the ultimate and most valuable outcome of social impact scaling.</p> <p>Starting from this gap, this study aims to analyze the potential relationship between social entrepreneurship deploying technology and the achievement of system change. To accomplish this task, a conceptualization of system change, which is itself permeated by an aura of ambiguity in interpretation, is provided. In this study, system change is conceptualized as a co-evolving process relying on three levers: mindset shift, which acts at the individual level and cultural level, if happening at scale; market alteration, acting on new and existing market dynamics to enhance accessibility and inclusion; and institutional transition, which is concerned with the legislative, regulatory, and public policy level.</p> <p>Therefore, the overarching objective developed by this study is to see if and how the use of technology-led social innovation has a positive relationship with the achievement of system change. Encompassing three different pathways<em>, </em>the specific hypotheses are that using technology in social entrepreneurship supports the shifting of societal mindsets; it alters established market dynamics, and it supports the achievement of changes at the institutional level.</p> <p>By leveraging a quantitative approach on 817 survey responses of social entrepreneurs within Ashoka’s network, this study will use cross-analyses as a preliminary empirical examination to illustrate that technology, and in particular social innovators deploying technology in their work, can act on each of the levers conducive to system change.</p> 2022-01-18T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Mario Calderini, Konstanze Frischen, Ambra Giuliano An Innovative Partnerships Model for a World in Constant Change 2021-12-13T05:54:31-08:00 Jeanine Buzali <p>Ashoka has developed a unique partnership model with companies and social entrepreneurs, in which each organization collaborates and learns from the other partners to drive the deepest impact. In these “Changemaker Company” partnerships, companies fund the partnership and get opportunities to invest in and engage with entrepreneurs driving meaningful social change. Their employees engage in changemaking, gain skills, and ideate on how their company might play a stronger role in driving social innovation in ways coherent with their core business. Social entrepreneurs gain access to critical resources and are supported to scale their impact and develop partnerships with multinational corporations. The outcome is a long-term, multi-stakeholder alliance that contributes to systemic change, while enabling all engaged organizations to evolve their ability to drive social impact.</p> 2022-01-18T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jeanine Buzali