Social Innovations Journal 2022-11-17T03:50:56-08:00 Nicholas Torres Open Journal Systems <p>Social Innovations Journal (SIJ) is dedicated to social innovators and entrepreneurs who work at the cross section between the private sector, government, and not-for-profits and aligns them toward collective social impact goals and public policy. SIJ chronicles social innovations and enterprises addressing the world’s most challenging issues surrounding social policy, leadership, human capital, and systems. In collaboration with government, philanthropy, not-for-profits and universities, the Journal bridges formal research and real-life experience.</p> <p><strong>Social Innovations Journal (SIJ) provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater exchange of knowledge.</strong></p> <p><strong>This journal is open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to users or / institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to full text articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or author as long as acknowledge the original author as stated in the Creative Commons License. </strong></p> <p><strong><a href="">Please Visit THE SOCIAL INNOVATIONS JOURNAL ARCHIVES (EDITIONS 1 - 55) HERE</a></strong></p> <p><a href=""><strong>BECOME A MEMBER OF THE SOCIAL INNOVATIONS JOURNAL for ACCESS to SYMPOSIUMS, WORKSHOPS, and COURSES</strong></a></p> <p>The mission of the Social Innovations Journal is to promote innovative ideas informed by data and research, incubate social innovation and thought leadership, and to spark a culture of innovation leading to improved social sector products and services, systems and policies. SIJ is creating a new standard for social innovations and enterprise publications by including the “why” behind their innovation, their bottom line impact (social and financial), and the system and policy implications.</p> <p>The Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) defines social innovation as a mechanism that “can concern conceptual, process or product change, organizational change and changes in financing, and can deal with new relationships with stakeholders and territories.” The OECD’s Forum on Social Innovation identifies the core components of social innovation as: </p> <ul> <li class="show">“identifying and delivering new services that improve the quality of life of individuals and communities; and </li> <li class="show">“identifying and implementing new labour market integration processes, new competencies, new jobs, and new forms of participation, as diverse elements that each contribute to improving the position of individuals in the workforce.” </li> </ul> <p>In the words of the OECD, <strong>“Social innovation is distinct from economic innovation because it is not about introducing new types of production or exploiting new markets in itself but is about satisfying new needs not provided by the market (even if markets intervene later) or creating new, more satisfactory ways of insertion in terms of giving people a place and a role in production.</strong></p> <p>“The key distinction is that social innovation deals with improving the welfare of individuals and community through employment, consumption or participation, its expressed purpose being therefore to provide solutions for individual and community problems.”</p> <p><strong>Open Access, Licensing, and Copyright</strong> </p> <p>The Social Innovations Journal is loyal open access for academic work, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and to use them for any other lawful purpose. All the articles published in this journal are free to access immediately from the date of publication. We do not charge any fees for any reader to download articles for their own scholarly use.</p> <div id="deed-conditions" class="row"> <h3><strong>The Social Innovations Journal permits the Creative Commons License:</strong></h3> <h2><span class="cc-license-title">Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported</span> <span class="cc-license-identifier">(CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)</span></h2> <h3>Under the following terms:</h3> <ul class="license-properties col-md-offset-2 col-md-8" dir="ltr"> <li class="license by"> <p><strong>Attribution</strong> — You must give <a id="appropriate_credit_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">appropriate credit</a>, provide a link to the license, and <a id="indicate_changes_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">indicate if changes were made</a>. 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The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as <a id="publicity_privacy_or_moral_rights_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">publicity, privacy, or moral rights</a> may limit how you use the material</li> </ul> <h3><strong>Copyright and Publishing Rights </strong></h3> <p>For the licenses indicated above, authors retain the copyright and full publishing rights without restrictions.</p> </div> <p> </p> Systems Change Network 2022-10-29T15:20:03-07:00 Peter Plastrik Madeleine Beaubien Taylor John Cleveland <p style="font-weight: 400;">This is an excerpt from <a href=""><em>Connect &gt; Innovate &gt; Scale Up: How Networks Create Systems Change</em></a><em>. </em>In the book, this material follows chapters on Targeting Systems, Developing Social Innovations, Taking Pathways to Scale, and Designing Networks of Networks. To illustrate and deepen the practical frameworks of those chapters, the stories of more than 20 social innovation networks are presented. In this excerpt, leaders of some of those networks reflect on the nature of their leadership: the roles they play and the imperative to keep learning.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">The excerpt identifies four distinct leadership roles: Innovation Broker, Network Weaver, Trusted Strategist, and Story Teller. Each role describes specific tasks and approaches. In addition, it explains why and how leaders continue learning how to guide and support social innovation networks.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">The Introduction and Chapter 1 of <em>Connect &gt; Innovate &gt; Scale Up </em>can be downloaded at the coauthors’ <a href="">website</a>. The authors previously wrote about building networks for social impact in <a href=";qid=1559737997&amp;s=gateway&amp;sr=8-2"><em>Connecting to Change the World: Harnessing the Power of Networks for Social Impact</em></a><em>. </em></p> 2022-11-17T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Peter Plastrik, Madeleine Beaubien Taylor, John Cleveland (Author) Systems Change as “Response-ability” 2022-10-29T22:32:06-07:00 Karen O'Brien <p style="font-weight: 400;">“You Matter More Than You Think: Quantum Social Change For A Thriving World” is a new book by Prof. Karen O’Brien, which presents a radically different approach to shifting the cultures and systems that perpetuate complex global problems like climate change. This excerpt from the book explores how our agency and individual and collective capacity to engage with systems change is influenced by our intentions, assumptions, and values. While classical agency views people as separate yet interacting with others and with nature, quantum social science recognizes our inherent oneness. It focuses on our continuous “intra-actions” within one entangled system. Quantum social change draws attention to a quality of agency that contributes to sustainable systems, particularly the importance of actions based on values that apply to the whole, such as equity, dignity, and compassion. Attention to the quality of individual and collective agency is thus critical for sustainably transforming systems.</p> 2022-11-17T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Karen O'Brien (Author) Sustainability Transformations Practice as a Transdisciplinary and Metadisciplinary Field 2022-10-29T15:00:57-07:00 Bruce Evan Goldstein David Manuel-Navarrete Raksha Balakrishna Chukwuma Paul <p style="font-weight: 400;">What does a “transformations practitioner” do to change systems, how do they do it, and what abilities do they need to do it well? Drawing from 56 practitioner interviews of members of the Transformations Community, we explore how transformations practitioners bring about a just transition toward a more sustainable future. We identify how the field is rooted in three core transdisciplinary capacities: participatory diagnosis, expertise in knowledge co-production, and co-production action. The capacities primarily rely on ‘people skills’ such as interpersonal communication, personal empathy, and interactional capacity. We also describe how practitioner work is not only transdisciplinary but also metadisciplinary, in that they seek to take what they learned in individual projects and initiatives to advance the field of transdisciplinary research through specific techniques and practices, integrative leadership practices, training, and reflexive theorizing on the nature of their practice. We identify how the Transformations Community supports each of these domains to expand the scope and reach of transformations practice.</p> 2022-11-17T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Bruce Evan Goldstein, David Manuel-Navarrete, Raksha Balakrishna (Author) Becoming a Transformations Practitioner 2022-10-29T14:53:33-07:00 David Manuel-Navarrete Bruce Evan Goldstein Raksha Balakrishna <p style="font-weight: 400;">What are common pathways to becoming a transformations practitioner practitioner? Do these pathways depend on ‘inner work,’ or rather just being in the right place at the right time? How do personal transformations relate to social or material ones? We draw on 56 interviews with active practitioners from around the globe to address these questions. Interviewees reflected on how they developed capacities to engage in personal and professional transformations.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">In many cases, epiphanies and self-reflective practices led to turning points away from conventional career patterns. The realization, either sudden or progressive, that established forms of science and practice were insufficient, and that one needs to extend one’s scope beyond conventional frames and beliefs often happened in the context of ‘epistemological crises.’ That is, deeply questioning what counts as valid and useful knowledge and how learning occurs. An unexpected finding was that such personal crises were often triggered by meaningful interactions with non-Western cultures, through which the epistemologies and, occasionally, ontologies of these cultures were embraced or at least recognized as equally sound to their Western counterparts. In these cases, ‘letting go’ and ‘unlearning’ were identified as key skills to overcome onto-epistemological crises.</p> 2022-11-17T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 David Manuel-Navarrete, Bruce Evan Goldstein, Raksha Balakrishna (Author) What are the Challenges to Being an Effective Transformations Practitioner? 2022-10-29T15:06:23-07:00 Raksha Balakrishna Bruce Evan Goldstein David Manuel-Navarrete <p style="font-weight: 400;">Transformation work is central to addressing environmental sustainability challenges in the present day. However, engaging in transformations can be a challenge in itself. This paper draws on the experiences of current transformations practitioner-academics (practitioners) to discuss the challenges and obstacles they face at different levels – personal, professional, and systemic – throughout their transformations journey. What kinds of challenges are faced by those engaged in sustainability transformations work? Are these challenges largely professional or more personal? Do they reflect the rigidity of systems within which transformations work is carried out? How does resistance to change or ‘transform’ take shape? What has been the experience of the Transformations Community in this regard? These questions drive the discussion around challenges to transformations designed to support sustainable systems. The challenges identified by the interviewees include lack of financial resources, rigid systems, and institutional structures, challenges to collaborative work, low priority for action-oriented work, and personal struggles of those engaged in transformation work. We also highlight solutions discussed by the interviewees and the need to address these challenges by leveraging the collective experiences of the Transformations Community.</p> 2022-11-17T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Raksha Balakrishna, Bruce Evan Goldstein, David Manuel-Navarrete (Author) The Meaning of Transformations 2022-10-29T22:54:33-07:00 Bruce Evan Goldstein David Manuel-Navarrete Raksha Balakrishna Hallie Elrod <p style="font-weight: 400;">“Transformations” are increasingly being sought as humanity approaches planetary boundaries that define the environmental limits within which societies can safely operate. Within social-ecological systems (SES) research, transformations are understood to affect different system elements simultaneously, occur at different rates and in distinct phases, and impact the system at multiple levels and temporal, spatial, and organizational scales. As this complexity implies, transformations are not predictable or controllable and can, at best be navigated. We draw on interviews with sixty practitioners within the Transformations Community to explore how their conception of ‘transformations’ highlights differences between interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary action research. Practitioners described transformation as a complex multi-level and multi-phase process and an engaged and embodied practice. They suggest that the ability to practice transformation is predicated on experiencing personal transformation, which involves re-examining assumptions and core beliefs through disruptive learning experiences. Transformations rely on forging alliances with marginal actors and communities to redress historical injustice, engaging powerful social and political actors and institutions who often resist the actions needed for sustainable and equitable futures. Accordingly, these practitioners emphasize that transformation was slow and unpredictable, requiring patient work by many people. Acknowledging that their work often has little immediate impact on transformation, transformation practitioners emphasize the importance of developing transformative capacity, which may lie latent until the time is right to catalyze systems change.</p> 2022-11-17T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Bruce Evan Goldstein, David Manuel-Navarrete, Raksha Balakrishna, Hallie Elrod (Author) Systems Change Education Catalog: A Review of the Field of Systems Change Education Programs, Approaches, and Outcomes 2022-10-29T16:03:17-07:00 Oisín Gill Bruce Evan Goldstein Bruce Hull Shane Casey <p style="font-weight: 400;">There is a proliferation of ‘wicked problems’ in modern society, such as climate change, inequality, and emerging epidemics and pandemics. Dealing with these wicked problems demands that we use new thinking methods about larger system issues. Fortunately, the field of systems change education is growing, developing new pedagogies, delivering content, and breaking boundaries at an increasing rate. The Transformations Community is a global community of practice that sits at the crossroads of systems change education, practice, and research. To capture this innovative time in the systems change field, the Transformations Community has developed the world’s first systems change education catalog. This catalog is a valuable source of information for students, researchers, and practitioners interested in finding programs within the field of systems education. The catalog also acted as the data set for this field survey. This article reviewed the educational programs featured in the Transformation Community’s system change education catalog for relationships and connections. These programs range from one-day workshops to weeklong retreats and bachelor’s, master’s, and Ph.D. programs. The analysis revealed three distinguishing characteristics of systems change education programs: audience, pedagogies, and competencies. This review is the first step towards producing a typology for systems change education by focusing on similar characteristics within educational programs. This field is still emerging, and the Transformations Community aims to capture and promote new developments and innovations in pedagogical methods for systems change education.</p> 2022-11-17T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Oisín Gill, Bruce Evan Goldstein, Bruce Hull, Shane Casey (Author) From Control to Co-production: Eight Steps to Monitor, Evaluate, and Adapt Participatory Experiments 2022-11-06T20:29:57-08:00 Niko Schäpke Richard Beecroft <p style="font-weight: 400;">Co-creative and action-oriented sustainability research, including real-world labs, (urban) living labs, and transformation labs, arose from the desire to contribute to societal transformations. Mentioned labs use experiments to test ideas for a more sustainable life and to promote changes toward sustainability on the ground. As social and scientific actors implement participatory experiments together, social engagement is central to their success. It is important to keep an eye on the impact of an experiment while going along. Monitoring and evaluation allow adjustments at an early stage of experiments. In addition, data can be collected for final evaluation of whether a participatory experiment was successful and why and if it can be transferred or duplicated. Overall, an important societal and scientific learning opportunity is created. While highly promising, such monitoring and evaluation is a challenging task. It depends on continuous interaction with stakeholders for data collection and reflection. Attentive monitoring and adaption might strengthen stakeholder engagement and vice versa. They could even be integrated into the overall co-creation of participatory experiments and labs. Yet, this fruitful interaction has to be worked for, requiring delicate decisions and practical know-how.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">This contribution is oriented towards supporting practical applications. It outlines eight steps of how to design, plan and implement the monitoring of a participatory experiment: 1) agree on the objective; 2) determine the experiment and monitoring scope; 3) determine the parameters and indicators of measurement; 4) determine the timing, type and medium of data collection; 5) collect and store data; 6) analyze and evaluate the data; 7) present and communicate the results; 8) adapt the experiment. Steps have a cyclical, iterative nature. Both an ideal-type monitoring scheme and a plan are presented to guide application. A productive interrelation of monitoring and facilitating engagement is discussed and illustrated based on a practical example.</p> 2022-11-17T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Niko Schäpke, Richard Beecroft (Author) Lessons For Transformations Organizations from the Pathways Network: A Transformations Community Dialogue 2022-10-29T15:32:55-07:00 Michelle Benedum Bruce Evan Goldstein Adrian Ely Marina Apgar Laura Pereira David Manuel-Navarrete <p style="font-weight: 400;">Addressing the global challenges highlighted by the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals will require a transformation of systems that created the problems in the first place. Purposefully transforming our societies is difficult, complex, and messy. Innovative change strategies often fail, and there are no general solutions. Even when we have developed promising possibilities, they may falter when we try to scale them upward and outward. The <a href="">Transformations Community</a>, a global community of action researchers and reflective practitioners, organized a dialogue session on developing transformations support structures which intertwine action and learning, such as Transformation Labs, Co-Labs, Bright Spots, and Learning Networks. In this paper, we present key insights from a dialogue session with some individuals who spent years developing and leading the ‘Pathways’ Transformative Knowledge Network (TKN), an international group working on sustainability challenges in various contexts. </p> 2022-11-17T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Michelle Benedum, Bruce Evan Goldstein, Adrian Ely, Marina Apgar, Laura Pereira, David Manuel-Navarrete (Author) A Comparative Analysis Of Organizations Supporting Social Entrepreneurship 2022-10-28T00:19:29-07:00 Devika Shekhawat <p style="font-weight: 400;">Even though many have put in decades of work and effort in the field of social innovation, which includes social entrepreneurship and enterprise, there is still a lack of a clear definition. Today, people still identify with the social entrepreneurship world differently because of its vast scope. For this article, I will provide the readers with a comparative analysis of a few organizations that focus on social entrepreneurship. Organizations in focus will be Echoing Green, Ashoka, Skoll Foundation, and Schwab Foundation for Social Entrepreneurship. I will highlight my analysis of the challenges as well as propose some recommendations.</p> 2022-11-17T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Devika Shekhawat (Author) Lessons for Network Leadership and Practice: Insights from a Five-year Study of the Savory Global Network 2022-10-29T22:40:04-07:00 Lee Frankel-Goldwater Abbey Kingdon-Smith <p style="font-weight: 400;">This article summarizes findings from a five-year research partnership between University of Colorado Boulder researchers and the Savory Global Network team. Here we highlight five key lessons and themes for network leadership and practice identified through our study of the Savory Global Network activities. These lessons and themes are:</p> <ol> <li>Networks can help create a ‘Sense of Belonging’ and ‘Not Being Alone’ while supporting a process of transformative change.</li> <li>Developing a ‘Shared Language and Identity’ can support connection-building and navigating conflict.</li> <li>Building a ‘Community of Practice’ across a global network can help to support collective action and connections among participants.</li> <li>Developing ‘New Supply Chains’ for ‘Economic Revitalization’ can be a powerful driver for network participation.</li> <li>Creating ‘Place-specific Regional Networks’ as part of a larger action network is a relatively untapped pathway for wide-scale change.</li> </ol> <p style="font-weight: 400;">In conducting this study, we used multi-event ethnography to support data collection through attendance at dozens of Savory Global Network events. For the analysis and to help us develop our findings, we used qualitative coding and a community-based research approach. Through this work, we offer suggestions for network researchers and practitioners to improve their capacity to study and foster transformative change through their research and program efforts.</p> 2022-11-17T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Lee Frankel-Goldwater, Abbey Kingdon-Smith (Author) PAR Recycle Works: Improving Lives & the Environment 2022-10-29T22:28:33-07:00 Mary Ann Boyer Harrison Lundy <p style="font-weight: 400;">With over two million individuals incarcerated, the United States locks up more people per capita than any other nation in the world. The majority of these individuals are disproportionately from Black and Brown communities. In Philadelphia, 62.2% of individuals will be reincarcerated within three years of their release. How can we reverse this trend and ensure that life outside of prison does not lead to incarceration? Philadelphia’s People Advancing Reintegration (PAR) Recycle Works serves as a case study. PAR’s recidivism rate is a mere 5%, a striking contrast to the national rate of 68%. Since 2016, PAR has committed to operating a sustainable business that reflects the company’s values of social justice and environmental responsibility. PAR collects electronics or e-waste such as computers, printers, televisions, monitors, wires, batteries, and other electronic devices. PAR provides transitional employment to people returning from prison by training employees to collect, sort, and deconstruct e-waste. Employees also receive education in digital and financial literacy, conflict management, and mental health strategies. PAR also trains its employees about recycling e-waste. To date, PAR has diverted over one million pounds of e-waste from landfills. PAR has worked with over 200 supply partners who have donated e-waste or participated in community e-waste drives. From employees to the local community to the environment, PAR’s mission and its impact are felt around the city.</p> 2022-11-17T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Mary Ann Boyer, Harrison Lundy (Author) Bioregional Learning Journey Launches Seagrass Conservation in Gulf of Maine: A Case Study of Governance Response to Ecosystem Change 2022-10-29T15:53:25-07:00 Glenn Page Sam Matey Yasmin Johnston Mik Schulte Lauren Hayden Sigrid Knag <p style="font-weight: 400;">In response to the polycrisis, a case study of governance response to ecosystem change by civil society is presented with a focus on seagrass meadow conservation and restoration as a globally important nature-based solution to the climate emergency. A week-long <a href="">bioregional learning journey</a> was launched in August 2022 as the culmination of a two-year community-engagement process to examine governance response to one of the most rapidly warming systems on earth, the Gulf of Maine. While government and market forces have played essential roles in this bioregion (Casco Bay Watershed, Gulf of Maine), civil society has played an outsized role since the 1970s. It has the potential to contribute significantly to navigation in the decades ahead through mapping multi-scale and multi-phase responses to dramatic ecosystem change. Results illustrate the paramount importance of integrating indigenous wisdom and western science, confronting issues of colonization, collective ‘seeing’ of complex systems through transformative experiences such as bioregional learning journeys, and strong support for the launch of <a href="">Team Zostera</a> in Casco Bay, Gulf of Maine, USA. Casco Bay contains some of the largest expanses of seagrass habitat in the western North Atlantic. It allows civil society to enable governance response to ecosystem change further.</p> 2022-11-17T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Glenn Page, Sam Matey, Yasmin Johnston, Mik Schulte, Lauren Hayden, Sigrid Knag (Author)