Social Innovations Journal 2021-10-04T07:21:18-07:00 Nicholas Torres Open Journal Systems <p>Social Innovations Journal (SIJ) is dedicated to social innovators and entrepreneurs who work at the cross section between the private sector, government, and not-for-profits and aligns them toward collective social impact goals and public policy. SIJ chronicles social innovations and enterprises addressing the world’s most challenging issues surrounding social policy, leadership, human capital, and systems. In collaboration with government, philanthropy, not-for-profits and universities, the Journal bridges formal research and real-life experience.</p> <p><strong>Social Innovations Journal (SIJ) provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater exchange of knowledge.</strong></p> <p><strong>This journal is open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to users or / institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to full text articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or author as long as acknowledge the original author as stated in the Creative Commons License. </strong></p> <p><strong><a href="">Please Visit THE SOCIAL INNOVATIONS JOURNAL ARCHIVES (EDITIONS 1 - 55) HERE</a></strong></p> <p><a href=""><strong>BECOME A MEMBER OF THE SOCIAL INNOVATIONS JOURNAL for ACCESS to SYMPOSIUMS, WORKSHOPS, and COURSES</strong></a></p> <p>The mission of the Social Innovations Journal is to promote innovative ideas informed by data and research, incubate social innovation and thought leadership, and to spark a culture of innovation leading to improved social sector products and services, systems and policies. SIJ is creating a new standard for social innovations and enterprise publications by including the “why” behind their innovation, their bottom line impact (social and financial), and the system and policy implications.</p> <p>The Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) defines social innovation as a mechanism that “can concern conceptual, process or product change, organizational change and changes in financing, and can deal with new relationships with stakeholders and territories.” The OECD’s Forum on Social Innovation identifies the core components of social innovation as: </p> <ul> <li class="show">“identifying and delivering new services that improve the quality of life of individuals and communities; and </li> <li class="show">“identifying and implementing new labour market integration processes, new competencies, new jobs, and new forms of participation, as diverse elements that each contribute to improving the position of individuals in the workforce.” </li> </ul> <p>In the words of the OECD, <strong>“Social innovation is distinct from economic innovation because it is not about introducing new types of production or exploiting new markets in itself but is about satisfying new needs not provided by the market (even if markets intervene later) or creating new, more satisfactory ways of insertion in terms of giving people a place and a role in production.</strong></p> <p>“The key distinction is that social innovation deals with improving the welfare of individuals and community through employment, consumption or participation, its expressed purpose being therefore to provide solutions for individual and community problems.”</p> <p><strong>Open Access, Licensing, and Copyright</strong> </p> <p>The Social Innovations Journal is loyal open access for academic work, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and to use them for any other lawful purpose. All the articles published in this journal are free to access immediately from the date of publication. We do not charge any fees for any reader to download articles for their own scholarly use.</p> <div id="deed-conditions" class="row"> <h3><strong>The Social Innovations Journal permits the Creative Commons License:</strong></h3> <h2><span class="cc-license-title">Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported</span> <span class="cc-license-identifier">(CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)</span></h2> <h3>Under the following terms:</h3> <ul class="license-properties col-md-offset-2 col-md-8" dir="ltr"> <li class="license by"> <p><strong>Attribution</strong> — You must give <a id="appropriate_credit_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">appropriate credit</a>, provide a link to the license, and <a id="indicate_changes_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">indicate if changes were made</a>. 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The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as <a id="publicity_privacy_or_moral_rights_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">publicity, privacy, or moral rights</a> may limit how you use the material</li> </ul> <h3><strong>Copyright and Publishing Rights </strong></h3> <p>For the licenses indicated above, authors retain the copyright and full publishing rights without restrictions.</p> </div> <p> </p> Collaborative CBPR Partnerships and Healthcare Workforce Task Shifting 2021-09-20T12:54:13-07:00 Benjamin Fox Laura Chanchien Parajón Jawaher Assed Erika Baca Brenna Banwarth-Kuhn Talmadge Brown Donovan Talawepi Chase The Bear Vanna Cochran Miranda Durham Kathryne Foos Lindsey Hancock Emma Hart Monica Moya Balasch Orrin Myers Jessica Nelson Chris Novak Myra Segal Kaleb Stevens Judy Tucker Carrie Zografos <p>COVID-19 is can be particularly&nbsp;devastating for people experiencing homelessness (PEH) who suffer disproportionate death and disease and cannot self-isolate due to living in congregate shelters. In response to the pandemic, a multisector partnership in Albuquerque, New Mexico mobilized under the name of “Corona Crushers” to reduce COVID-19 risk for PEH as a health equity initiative. In the context of shared leadership and partnership built on dialogue and trust, the multi-sector collaboration was able to use existing data on COVID-19 to take action to rapidly adapt evidence-based interventions from the literature and innovate to improve COVID-19 patient outcomes including expedited COVID-19 testing, quality improvement to improve adherence of PEH to quarantine and isolation; and a 75% reduction in outbreaks in the largest homeless shelter in Albuquerque, New Mexico. These pandemic interventions, however, placed a significant burden on already under-resourced shelter and healthcare staff and systems. In this paper, we describe the partnership’s ability to decrease COVID-19 outbreaks by task shifting interventions traditionally done by health professionals, such as COVID-19 testing and screening, quality improvement, and triage by supporting healthcare workers with less training including community health workers, medical students, and shelter staff. Task shifting not only enhanced the quality of our equity intervention, but it has the potential to expand the healthcare workforce to be able to address future inequities.</p> 2021-10-04T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Laura Chanchien Parajón, Benjamin Fox, Jawaher Assed Health Equity to Improve the Impact on People's Health 2021-05-20T01:02:04-07:00 Lavanya Dhankhar <p><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW75520582 BCX0">Although biology, genetics, and individual actions play a part in these inequalities, social, economic, and ecological variables have a greater impact on many clinical outcomes. Understanding the social determinants of health </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW75520582 BCX0">necessitates</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW75520582 BCX0"> a movement toward a more "upstream" perspective -- that is, the factors that influence an individual's actions in the context in which they are formed. People live in settings that are shaped by policies, forces, and acts that have a long-term and generational impact on their individual choices and behaviors. Poverty, unemployment, poor education, insufficient housing, poor public transit, exposure to violence, and </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW75520582 BCX0">neighborhood</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW75520582 BCX0"> deterioration (social or physical) are only a few of the elements that </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW75520582 BCX0">impact</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW75520582 BCX0"> people's health, and they do so in unequal ways, adding to health disparities. The </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW75520582 BCX0">numerous</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW75520582 BCX0"> players that make up the community ecosystem can be significant producers of health and well-being, and people are significantly influenced by the communities in which they work and </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW75520582 BCX0">reside</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW75520582 BCX0">. As a result, the focus of this research is on communities' pledge to </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW75520582 BCX0">provide</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW75520582 BCX0"> chances for their members to reach their full health potential.</span></p> 2021-10-04T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Lavanya Dhankhar Strategies to Achieve Health Equity: The Case of Wild Polio Eradication in Kano State, Nigeria 2021-05-21T16:44:52-07:00 Nsikakabasi George Otu Eyibio <p>Nigeria was declared being declared polio-free by the World Health Organization (WHO) in June 19, 2020 and subsequently, the African Region received certification for being polio0free on August 25, 2020. This historic gain was not without challenges and struggles to birth its fruition. The Kano State Ministry of Health was able to overcome the challenges and ensure this feat with the implementation of effective strategies. This article explores these strategies and recommends their integration among countries’ health systems to achieve positive gains and the global goals.</p> 2021-10-04T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Nsikakabasi George, Otu Eyibio Community Partners’ Experiences Teaching Undergraduate Medical Students 2021-05-23T20:03:36-07:00 Chelsea Jalloh Joseph Kaufert Margaret Ormond Ceilidh Miller <p>This research explores community partners’ experiences of teaching undergraduate medical students. In collaboration with university faculty, community partners affiliated with a local non-profit organization drew from their own lived experience and expertise to teach students about determinants of health such as food security and low income. While feedback about educational sessions is often sought from students, this research addresses an important gap by seeking to better understand the experiences of community partners teaching health profession students. Semi-structured interviews with community partners took place to explore their perceived role in the educational session, their impressions of the overall session, and their reflections about sharing their personal experiences with medical students. Five community partners completed interviews. Thematic analysis of interview transcripts indicated community partners interpreted their roles in teaching about determinants of health to medical students were valuable in influencing future physician practice and rewarding on a personal level. The power dynamics of individuals with lived experience of food insecurity and/or low income engaging with medical students as “experts” rather than “patients,” and the importance of being viewed by students and health care professionals as multi-faceted and intersectional people, were also important emergent themes. With connections to the literature, broader implications regarding community partner involvement in teaching health professions students are discussed including logistical and ethical considerations (such as provision of honorarium, supports before/during/after the session), diversity of learners, and distribution of power between university faculty and community collaborators. This research concludes that with thoughtful and deliberate planning, supports, and dialogue, community partner involvement in teaching can be a meaningful pedagogical approach to amplify the voices and expertise of community partners and, in doing so, can work towards informing the practice of future health care providers to address the priority health needs identified by these communities.</p> 2021-10-04T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Chelsea Jalloh, Dr. , Margaret Ormond, Ceilidh Miller Telehealth Education and Consultation as an Innovative Health Shield for the Eldery At Risk for Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Selected Barangays of Zamboanoanga City, Philippines 2021-05-20T00:57:41-07:00 Jaime Kristoffer Punzalan Fortunato Cristobal Monserrat Guingona Mary Germeyn Durias Floro Dave Arnuco Rosemarie Arciaga Rowayne Mandi <p>Studies show that elderly populations with comorbidities contribute to 50-80% of the overall mortality rate of coronavirus (COVID-19). The Community Health Education, Monitoring, and Prevention System (CHEMPS) aim is to determine the effect of telehealth consultation and education in providing a "health shield" to high-risk individuals from COVID-19 in the southern Philippines. Health shield is defined as the use of protective knowledge empowering skills to the community-based elderly with comorbidities rendered via virtual platform for telehealth consultations and education. A before and after intervention study was done in selected barangays of Zamboanga City. Voice calls were used to deliver a telehealth consultation, education, and collect monitoring and evaluation data. A total of 114 high-risk individuals participated in the study. Most respondents were aged 60–69 (57%) and female (93%), with 79% previously diagnosed with hypertensive cardiovascular disease (HCVD) and type-2 Diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Throughout the study, no participant contracted COVID-19. In addition, a statistically significant decrease (p&lt;0.01) in the number of participants experiencing surrogate symptoms for hypertension and diabetes was reported. An increase in positive home management practices (e.g., medication compliance), and a decrease of negative home management practices (e.g., poor diet choices) were also noted (p&lt;0.01). The health shield appears to have empowered high-risk elderly participants to improve their self-care management, leading to better control of their underlying comorbidities. In conclusion, the CHEMPS program is appropriate and practical to use as a platform to provide health shield to high-risk individuals in the context of a low-resource setting amidst the COVID-19 pandemic.</p> 2021-10-04T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dr Jaime Kristoffer Punzalan, Dr Fortunato Cristobal, Dr Monserrat Guingona, Dr Mary Germeyn Durias, Dr Floro Dave Arnuco, Dr Rosemarie Arciaga, Rowayne Mandi Chimneys and Advocacy: Protection from the Negative Effects of Biomass Fuels in Remote Rural Regions with Extreme Poverty 2021-05-06T00:47:45-07:00 Shakunatala Chhabra Asha Purohit <p>In developing countries, many people in remote rural regions use biomass fuels for cooking, indoor heat during the cold months, heating bathwater, and so on, as they do not have access to alternative fuel sources. The whole family gets exposed to smoke, but women suffer the most because they have the greatest household responsibility. Pregnant women also get exposed, affecting both mothers and their babies. In the villages we served, we wanted to do something about this problem. Given it was beyond our scope to provide alternatives to biomass fuels, we chose to move forward with service-oriented research on the effects of installing chimneys and offering education on protection from the harmful effects of biomass fuels. We found that though advocacy and chimneys helped, not using biomass fuels at all is most effective in minimizing the adverse health outcomes associated with it.</p> 2021-10-04T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Shakunatala Chhabra Ancestral Medicine and Modern Medicine Care Center (CASAMA) 2021-05-21T15:04:42-07:00 José Mauricio Hernández Sarmiento Lina María Martínez-Sánchez Maria-Paula Rubiano-Varela <p>The condition of vulnerability that falls on the indigenous population has led it to be currently at risk. One of the causes of this risk that the communities are facing today, is the high burden of communicable diseases with limited access to an adequate health service. Our main objective is to create a Center based on the exchange of knowledge between traditional medicine and modern medicine, we seek to guarantee greater social inclusion, offering the possibility of greater access to health services. For the development of the project three work phases have been proposed: approach and adaptation, care phase and legal transfer to beneficiaries and those who will ultimately oversee its administration and general operation. We are now on the first phase. We have begun by building a main “Tambo” where patients will be evaluated by previously trained indigenous leaders. It is intended to be a self-sustaining project, carefully designed to meet the requirements necessary for the basic provision of low-complexity health services. We are more concerned with the prevention of the disease than with its subsequent treatment, giving the community tools for self-care, management, and promotion.</p> 2021-10-04T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 MD. MSc. PhD., MSc., Maria-Paula Rubiano-Varela Adolescents in Remote Rural Regions: Needs, Barriers, and Opportunities for Self-Sufficiency and Wellness 2021-05-06T00:38:41-07:00 Shakunatala Chhabra Manoj Kanade <p>Driven by our sense of social responsibility, we at the Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences created a community-based mother and child care service center. We observed that many young people (specifically ages 14-24) were neither engaged in education nor employment opportunities. We learned there was a need for a comprehensive system for informal education for young adults, imparting skills in a feasible, low-cost, and sustainable way. We then created a system to begin this work. Young people were given resources to learn to sew and were awarded certificates after completion of the program. Currently, we are working to help young people cultivate additional skills, including farming.</p> 2021-10-04T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Shakunatala Chhabra Health Profession Students Value Active Teaching, Learning and Assessment Methods for the Learning of Complex Academic Skills 2021-05-07T11:31:01-07:00 Alícia Garcia Gonçalves Emily de Souza Ferreira Tiago Ricardo Moreira Glauce Dias da Costa Sylvia Heeneman Rosângela Minardi Mitre Cotta <p><strong>Background:</strong> Given that globalization leads to changes in information and knowledge transmission, there is a need for updating and investing in new teaching and assessment methods.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> Transverse descriptive study analyzed perceptions of Active Methods. Concept maps using Flipped Classroom, Movie-Based Learning, Reflective Portfolios (Active Methods) and lectures and standardized tests (Traditional Classroom) were combined in the 4th and 5th semesters in the Health Policy course of the Federal University of Viçosa (UFV) with 226 students. At the end of each semester, students completed a survey designed specifically to capture students’ perceptions of the effect of the various teaching methods on the learning of complex academic skills.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Active Methods were perceived by students as an effective contribution to learning, teamwork, feedback, criticism, reflection, and assimilation of content when compared to the traditional teaching methods. Movie-Based Learning was best evaluated (median 3.67), followed by the Reflective Portfolio (median 3.50) and Flipped Classroom and Concept Map (median 3.38), while lectures and standardized tests obtained the lowest median (2.75).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> The use of Active Methods in a health profession course was valued by the students for the learning of complex academic skills.</p> 2021-10-04T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Alícia Garcia Gonçalves, Emily de Souza Ferreira, Tiago Ricardo Moreira , Glauce Dias da Costa , Sylvia Heeneman, Rosângela Minardi Mitre Cotta Student's Projects for Health as a Tool for Equitable Access to Health Services 2021-05-23T00:18:47-07:00 Hiba Mahgoub Elhadi Miskeen Mohammed Almobarak <p>In developing countries, especially where a large proportion of the population still resides in rural areas, healthcare access and delivery are often poor, and can potentially benefit from innovative service models and supporting technologies. In these rural areas, the challenges of healthcare quality are many, ranging from poor infrastructure, low literacy, poverty, to inadequate monitoring of patients with chronic or serious diseases. The myriad of challenges requires innovative solutions that are affordable, robust and sustainable over time. Engaging stakeholders, policy makers, and empowering the community leaders to take the lead of addressing their own health problems and planning managing them are of the main objectives of the rural field training program offered by the University of Gezira and aims to raise the community awareness and address the main health issues that facing the community it serves.</p> 2021-10-04T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Hiba Mahgoub, Elhadi Miskeen, Mohammed Almobarak Mental Health of Dental Students and Dentists 2021-05-21T07:37:34-07:00 Raghavasree Gopu <p><strong><u>Objective</u></strong></p> <p>Dental students and dentists are prone to poor psychological disorders. A study was conducted to known the levels of Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) to identify the high risk groups and to know the association between academic and psychological well-being.</p> <p><strong><u>Methods</u></strong></p> <p>In this cross sectional study a total of dental students and dentists of both clinical and non-clinical departments were recruited to assess their psychological levels. Out of the number of participants the numbers of responses were 133 out of 145 participants. This makes up the 91% of response rate. The participants were surveyed through online questionnaires.</p> <p><strong><u>Results</u></strong></p> <p>The different levels of stress, anxiety and depression were identified in following percentages-.Based on the gender it showed two different results in both male students-and female students. In order to cope with the stress the students engaged in various activities such as reading, writing, sports, television and social networking ect&nbsp;</p> <p><strong><u>Conclusion</u></strong></p> <p>A large number of dental students and dental practitioners reported psychological problems related to clinical work, exams and the fear of being contaminated by diseases. Qualitative investigations were conducted in a tailor made supportive strategies.</p> 2021-10-04T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Raghavasree Gopu Autism Is A Challenge for Each Family, Here's How Parental Education Can Ease the Challenge 2021-05-15T07:11:51-07:00 Alaa AwadElkareem <p>Autism usually affects the communicational skills of children and can cause emotional and behavioral difficulties which holds a challenge for the parents. This often puts them in a stressful situation especially if they have no understanding of what's causing the irritated behavior and distress of their child, which further emphasizes the importance of caregiver involvement and education. A couple of studies have been carried out to measure the impact of parental education and suggests the adaptation of such an educational program to ease the challenges for the parents and their children. In this review we will be focusing on the adaptation of such a program and the results of it in a small sample that reflects the ability of such a program to improve communication, understanding, as well as reduce stress and disruptive behavior.</p> 2021-10-04T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Alaa AwadElkareem Social Innovation Route As A Methodology for the Construction of Socially Sustainable Innovations 2021-04-23T13:52:30-07:00 Lizeth Herrera Silva Camilo Eduardo Velasquez Libia Argenis Becerra Sandra Liliana Hernández <p>Social innovation is a new solution to a community’s problems or needs. This concept is gaining traction in the management of development projects in Colombia given its relevance for the transformation of territories. In this regard, the Social Innovation Route is a methodology created by the Parque Científico de Innovación Social (Social Innovation Scientific Park) of UNIMINUTO that is developed in seven stages: enlisting, understanding, analyzing, creating, implementing, packaging, and scaling; developed in a way to build sustainable social innovations. This article presents how the Social Innovation Route Methodology has been implemented for the consolidation of entrepreneurship ecosystems, the supply of water to a community, and the strengthening of productive chains and its main results. Therefore, this document constitutes a methodological contribution for project managers and development project management institutions whose interest is to generate greater impact and sustainability of their initiatives.</p> 2021-10-04T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Lizeth Herrera Silva, Camilo Velasquez, Libia Argenis Becerra, Sandra Liliana Hernández