An Analysis of Current Anti-Human Trafficking Policies and Approaches and Recommendations
Keywords:anti human trafficking, policy, law enforcement, social services, survivors
The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (2015) considers human trafficking as a form of modern-day slavery due to the fact that it involves the use of force, fraud, or coercion to exploit adults and children into some type of labor or commercial sex. It is estimated that about 27 to 45.8 million people are victims of trafficking globally. Since the enactment of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) passed by Congress in 2000, a tremendous amount of effort has been put into combating this modern-day crime. However, with the implementation of the 3P approach introduced in TVPA, the result has yet to be promising. This is mainly due to the lack of interagency collaboration, unequally distributed resources, and the absence of an effective victim-oriented framework. This article proposes the collaboration amongst various anti-human trafficking agencies as well as provides recommendations for systematic change to ensure the protection of the human rights of human trafficking victims.
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