Germany Physician Assistants
Keywords:Germany, Physician Assistants
AbstractThe profession began in Germany in 2005 in response to need for additional personnel in surgical departments. In 2005 the first PA degree course with a focus on cardiac surgery was offered at the Steinbeis University in Berlin, introducing a new academic profession to the health system. In Germany, these professionals are called Physician Assistants (PA) and Medical Assistants – Surgery (MAC).
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Marie Stolte, Peter Heistermann, Peter Stollwerck
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
The Social Innovations Journal permits the Creative Commons License:
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
Under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.
NoDerivatives — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.
- No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
- You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
- No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material
Copyright and Publishing Rights
For the licenses indicated above, authors retain the copyright and full publishing rights without restrictions.